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ARTICLE
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 226-227

Evaluate the efficiency of Antigen 60 (A60) protein from BCG strain of Mycobacterium bovis as a diagnostic antigen


Bovine Tuberculosis Reference Laboratory, Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Tehran, Iran

Date of Web Publication17-Feb-2017

Correspondence Address:
Nader Mosavari
Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, 3197619751
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.1016/j.ijmyco.2016.10.022

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  Abstract 


Objective/background: Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the most common infectious diseases in Iran and around the world. Diagnosis of this disease in many cases is difficult and often requires the use of paraclinical methods. Current diagnostic methods are either too slow or lack enough sensitivity or specificity. Several mycobacterial antigens are involved in the complex interaction with the immune system of the host. They can be helpful for mycobacteria diagnosis. Antigen 60 (A60) is a thermostable antigen found in the cytosol of Mycobacterium bovis and Mycobacterium tuberculosis. This antigen is used in ELISA systems design for diagnosis of tuberculosis. The aim of this study is purification of A60 from bacterial cytoplasm and to evaluate the efficiency of this antigen and compare it with the production human tuberculin and standard human tuberculin.
Methods: Using gel filtration chromatography with a sepharose 4B column, A60 was purified from other bacterial components. A60 was recognized by agar gel immunodiffusion with anti-BCG and anti-A60 antiserum, where it formed an immunoprecipitation line with anti-BCG antiserum and anti-A60 antiserum. Molecular weight components of the A60 were obtained using electrophoresis.
Results: Seven fractions were obtained by chromatography. In analyzing with dot blotting, both the cytoplasm and cell wall of BCG had A60. This test showed that the first fraction creates maximum color intensity and as a result, the highest amount of A60 was in fraction one. In agar gel immunodiffusion, the cytoplasm sample and all fractions obtained from chromatography showed a positive reaction with anti-A60 antiserum, and fraction one had the most among sediment of the other fractions. Molecular weight components of the A60 were identified to be approximately 35 kDa, 38 kDa, 40 kDa, and 65 kDa.
Conclusion: Results of reactions of the injected A60 and standard human tuberculin shows the effectiveness of this antigen in comparison with standard human tuberculin. Detection of antibody in the serum of patients is a rapid and repeatable method. A60 with 89% sensitivity and 94% specificity could be an appropriate matter for the diagnosis of tuberculosis. Because this method can be performed without radioactive materials or advanced and expensive equipment, it will provide results quickly.

Keywords: Antigen 60, Chromatography, Mycobacterium bovis, Mycobacterium tuberculosis


How to cite this article:
Shakibamehr N, Mosavari N, Babaie M, Reshady S. Evaluate the efficiency of Antigen 60 (A60) protein from BCG strain of Mycobacterium bovis as a diagnostic antigen. Int J Mycobacteriol 2016;5, Suppl S1:226-7

How to cite this URL:
Shakibamehr N, Mosavari N, Babaie M, Reshady S. Evaluate the efficiency of Antigen 60 (A60) protein from BCG strain of Mycobacterium bovis as a diagnostic antigen. Int J Mycobacteriol [serial online] 2016 [cited 2019 Jan 22];5, Suppl S1:226-7. Available from: http://www.ijmyco.org/text.asp?2016/5/5/226/200441




  Conflicts of interest Top


The authors declare no conflicts of interest.






 

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