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ARTICLE
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 244-245

Radiographic manifestations of Tuberculosis in HIV positive patients: Correlation with CD4+ T-cell count


1 Pediatric Respiratory Diseases Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NRITLD), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Clinical Tuberculosis and Epidemiology Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NRITLD), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Chronic Respiratory Diseases Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NRITLD), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4 Mycobacteriology Research Center(MRC), National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NRITLD), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Date of Web Publication17-Feb-2017

Correspondence Address:
Mehrdad Bakhshayesh-Karam
Pediatric Respiratory Diseases Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NRITLD), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.1016/j.ijmyco.2016.11.027

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  Abstract 


Background: Observations on Tuberculosis/HIV co-infection in addition to epidemiologic molecular studies have recently provided strong evidence for the state of immune system as the major determinant of the TB imaging spectrum. However, the presence of any correlation between radiographic findings and the degree of immunosuppression in HIV+ patients still remains controversial. The present study aimed to investigate the TB radiographic manifestation in HIV+ patients and its relationship to the CD4 cell count.
Method and material: Chest radiography of 15 HIV+ patients with a definite diagnosis of pulmonary Tuberculosis in Masih Daneshvari Hospital, between 2013 and 2014, were retrospectively reviewed. Radiographic findings and severity were categorized as typical (upper lobe infiltration/cavity) and atypical (middle/lower lobe opacity, adenopathy, pleural effusion and normal X-ray). Demographics and CD4+ cell count were also recorded. Data analysis was performed using SPSS version 23 (frequency and mean for descriptive quantitative variables and Logistic regression analysis for correlation, p <0.05).
Results: Of a total 15 patients (86.7% men and 13.3% women), 78.6% had CD4+ counts <350 (mean ± SD; 229.15 ± 199.45). The most common radiographic findings in descending order of frequency were adenopathy (53.3%), pleural effusion (26.7%) and cavitation (6.7%) with an overall atypical presentation of 93.3%. This study failed to reveal any statistically significant correlation between CD4+ cell count and radiographic manifestation as well as severity.
Conclusion: In CD4+ cell count <500, the dominant radiographic pattern of Tuberculosis is atypical presentation. At this level of immunity, CD4+ T cell dysfunction may play a deterministic role in TB radiographic manifestation.


How to cite this article:
Bakhshayesh-Karam M, Tabarsi P, Mirsaiedi SM, Amiri MV, Zahirifard S, Mansoori SD, Masjedi MR, Velayati AA. Radiographic manifestations of Tuberculosis in HIV positive patients: Correlation with CD4+ T-cell count. Int J Mycobacteriol 2016;5, Suppl S1:244-5

How to cite this URL:
Bakhshayesh-Karam M, Tabarsi P, Mirsaiedi SM, Amiri MV, Zahirifard S, Mansoori SD, Masjedi MR, Velayati AA. Radiographic manifestations of Tuberculosis in HIV positive patients: Correlation with CD4+ T-cell count. Int J Mycobacteriol [serial online] 2016 [cited 2019 Nov 20];5, Suppl S1:244-5. Available from: http://www.ijmyco.org/text.asp?2016/5/5/244/200454




  Conflicts of interest Top


The authors have no conflicts of interest.






 

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