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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 12-17

Structural modification of a novel inhibitor for mycobacterium enoyl-acyl carrier protein reductase assisted by In silico structure-based drug screening


1 Department of Bioscience and Bioinformatics, Graduate School of Computer Science and Systems Engineering, Kyushu Institute of Technology, Iizuka, Kyushu, Japan
2 Department of Applied Chemistry, Kyushu Institute of Technology, Kitakyushu, Kyushu, Japan

Correspondence Address:
Shunsuke Aoki
Department of Bioscience and Bioinformatics, Graduate School of Computer Science and Systems Engineering, Kyushu Institute of Technology, Iizuka 820-8502, Kyushu
Japan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijmy.ijmy_184_19

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Background: Mycobacterium tuberculosis enoyl-acyl carrier protein reductase (mtInhA) is involved in the biosynthesis of mycolic acids, a major component of mycobacterial cell walls, and has been targeted in the development of anti-tuberculosis (TB) drugs. In our previous in silico structure-based drug screening study, we identified KES4, a novel class of mtInhA inhibitor. KES4 is composed of four ring structures (A–D-rings) and molecular dynamic simulation predicted that the D-ring is essential for the interaction with mtInhA. Methods: The structure–activity relationship study of the D-ring was attempted and aided by in silico docking simulations to improve the mtInhA inhibitory activity of KES4. A virtual chemical library of the D-ring-modified KES4 was then constructed and subjected to in silico docking simulation against mtInhA using the GOLD program. The candidate compound showing the highest GOLD score, referred to as KEN1, was synthesized, and its biological properties were compared with those of the lead compound KES4. Results: We achieved the synthesis of KEN1 and evaluated its effects on InhA activity, mycobacterial growth, and cytotoxicity. The antimycobacterial activity of KEN1 was comparable to that of the lead compound (KES4), although it exhibited superior activity in mtInhA inhibition. \Conclusions: We obtained a KES4 derivative with high mtInhA inhibitory activity by in silico docking simulation with a chemical library consisting of a series of D-ring-modified KES4.


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