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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 83-90

Clinical-epidemiological profile and factors related to the mortality of patients with nontuberculous mycobacteria isolated at a reference hospital in Ceará, Northeastern Brazil


1 São José Hospital of Infectious Diseases; Health Sciences Center, School of Medicine, University of Fortaleza, Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil
2 Department of Community Health, School of Medicine, Federal University of Ceará, Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil
3 Department of Statistics and Applied Mathematics, Federal University of Ceará, Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil
4 São José Hospital of Infectious Diseases; Department of Community Health, School of Medicine, Federal University of Ceará, Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil

Correspondence Address:
Matheus Alves De Lima Mota
Av. Washington Soares, 1321 – Edson Queiroz, CEP 60811-905, Fortaleza, Ceará
Brazil
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijmy.ijmy_12_20

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Background: There is a significant shortage of official records that enable estimating the real prevalence of nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) infections in Brazil. The study aims to investigate the clinical, laboratory, and epidemiological aspects of patients with NTM isolation at an infectious diseases reference hospital, and to identify factors associated with mortality. Methods: This was an observational study in which clinical, epidemiological, and laboratory aspects were evaluated in patients with NTM isolated at care in Hospital São José, located in Northeastern Brazil, from 2005 to 2016. The records of the reference laboratory for NTM isolates were searched from the culture results of patients. Afterward, the medical records of the patients were reviewed. The analytical assessment was conducted by the Mann–Whitney and Fisher's exact test. The adopted level of significance was 5%. Results: A total of 69 patients were described, with a predominance of males (73.9%). The main clinical forms identified were: pulmonary (60.9%) and disseminated (27.5%). The most frequently NTM identified were Mycobacterium avium (24.6%) and Mycobacterium fortuitum (10.1%). Forty-eight (69.6%) patients had HIV infection. The mortality was 24.6%, and the risk factors for deaths identified were: origin from outside the metropolitan region; weight loss; HIV infection; anemia; hyperbilirubinemia; increased serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase, alkaline phosphatase, lactate dehydrogenase; and impaired renal function. Among the patients with HIV, the main changes related to death were: lower counts of CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes. Conclusion: Maintaining constant vigilance regarding the possibility of NTM infection is required, namely in patients co-infected with HIV/AIDS.


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