Table 2: (a and b) Summary of studies utilizing molecular methods to differentiate and match clinical and environmental isolates of NTM. Relevant papers were identified using search engines (Google Scholar, PubMed, UQ Summon and UWA OneSearch) and citations from other papers. The databases were searched using the following keywords to screen for relevant studies: non-tuberculous mycobacteria, patient, environment, epidemiology, infection, water, dust, soil. All studies cited were available through the University of Queensland or University ofWestern Australia subscription services or publicly accessible. The absence of published data is represented by “NA”.