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 Table of Contents  
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 73

Pulmonary infections after tuberculosis

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Aga Khan University, Stadium Road, Karachi, Pakistan

Date of Web Publication17-Feb-2017

Correspondence Address:
Kauser Jabeen
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Aga Khan University, Stadium Road, Karachi
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.1016/j.ijmyco.2016.08.016

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Aims and objective: Despite effective treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) patients, destruction of lung parenchyma may lead to complications including repeated infections. These infections are often misdiagnosed or wrongly identified as TB recurrence, and hence are not treated effectively. The frequency and severity of these infections vary with the extent of damage, and are much more prominent in patients with post-TB bronchiectasis and fibrocavitary diseases. This presentation will focus on the epidemiology, treatment, and management of post-TB infections and challenges, and the impact of these infections on public health in high-TB-burden countries.
Methods: Published literature and review articles were evaluated to address this objective.
Results: Apart from conventional agents of pneumonia, patients with post-TB bronchiectasis and post-TB fibrocavitary diseases are prone to develop chronic pulmonary aspergillosis and nontuberculous mycobacterial infections. A high burden of chronic pulmonary aspergillosis has been reported in TB-endemic countries. Similarly, prior TB increases the risk of acquiring nontuberculous mycobacterial infections. Diagnosis and management of chronic pulmonary aspergillosis and nontuberculous mycobacterial infections require expertise and high-level care.
Conclusion: Limited diagnostic and therapeutic capacities compounded by nonavailability of essential antimicrobials in most high-TB-burden countries pose great challenges to physicians involved in the management of these infections. These infections affect the overall outcome and lead to high cost for public health systems.

Keywords: Post TB infections, Chronic pulmonary aspergillosis, Non tuberculous mycobacterial infections, Developing countries

How to cite this article:
Jabeen K. Pulmonary infections after tuberculosis. Int J Mycobacteriol 2016;5, Suppl S1:73

How to cite this URL:
Jabeen K. Pulmonary infections after tuberculosis. Int J Mycobacteriol [serial online] 2016 [cited 2022 Aug 11];5, Suppl S1:73. Available from: https://www.ijmyco.org/text.asp?2016/5/5/73/200496

  Conflict of intrest Top

The author declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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