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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 149-155

Cholecalciferol for prophylaxis against antituberculosis therapy-induced liver disorders among naïve patients with pulmonary tuberculosis: A randomized, comparative study

1 Department of Tropical Medicine and Gastroenterology, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt
2 Department of Chest Diseases, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt
3 Department of Internal Medicine, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt
4 Department of Microbiology, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Ahmad Farooq Alsayed Hasanain
Department of Tropical Medicine and Gastroenterology, Assiut University, Assiut
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijmy.ijmy_19_17

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Background: Patients in countries endemic for chronic viral hepatitis are more vulnerable to antituberculosis therapy-induced liver disorders (ATT-LDs). The aim of this study was to explore the role of cholecalciferol in prophylaxis against ATT-LD among patients with pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) receiving ATT. Material and Methods: We conducted a hospital-based, prospective, randomized, comparative study which included 300 consecutive, naïve patients with pulmonary TB eligible for ATT. The patients were randomly allocated to Group A (150 patients who received ATT) and Group B (150 patients who received ATT with cholecalciferol) who had clinical evaluation, laboratory investigations, and imaging studies. Statistical analysis used student's t-test and Chi-square test were used as appropriate to compare the variables between the study groups. Results: The study population mean age was 35.6 ± 15.3 years. The overall incidence rate of ATT-LD among the study population was 9.3%; the incidence rate was significantly higher among Group A patients compared to those of Group B (13.3 vs. 5.3%;P = 0.001). The onset of ATT-LD was significantly earlier among patients of Group A compared to those of Group B (31.4 vs. 58.7 days,P = 0.027), while the duration of ATT-LD was significantly longer among patients of Group A compared to those of Group B (34.8 vs. 16.9 days,P = 0.009). No adverse effects related to cholecalciferol use were observed. Conclusions: Adjuvant cholecalciferol supplementation may be protective against ATT-LD without extra adverse effects. Before recommending the routine use of cholecalciferol supplementation for prevention of ATT-LD, larger scale studies are recommended.

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