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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 24-28

The activity-based cost of drug-susceptibility test of Mycobacterium tuberculosis through Kit SIRE Nitratase® Plastlabor

1 Mycobacteria Research Laboratory, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Minas Gerais, Brazil
2 Tuberculosis Research Center, Faculty of Medicine, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
3 International Research Center, Hospital Alemão Oswaldo Cruz, São Paulo, Brazil
4 Júlia Kubitschek Hospital, Hospital Federation of the State of Minas Gerais, Minas Gerais, Brazil
5 Department of Social Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Minas Gerais, Brazil

Correspondence Address:
Silvana Spíndola de Miranda
Avenida Professor Alfredo Balena, 190 – Santa Efigênia. Belo Horizonte, 30130-100 Minas Gerais
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijmy.ijmy_8_20

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Background: Drug-resistant tuberculosis (TB) is an ongoing health threat, and the greatest challenge to adequate control of TB in many countries lies in the lack of proper laboratory drug-susceptibility test. The aim of this study was to evaluate the activity-based costs (ABC) of Kit SIRE Nitratase® (Kit SIRE) and compare its values with the conventional drug-susceptibility test. Methods: The ABC was calculated for three different approaches: Kit SIRE (clinical samples and cultures), proportion methods in Lowenstein Jensen (PM-LJ), and the Bactec™ MGIT™ 960 system based on Mycobacterial Research Laboratory's routine. Results: The ABC of Kit SIRE from cultures was US$ 148.54, while from clinical samples was US$ 136.12. In the case of conventional tests, the ABC of Bactec™ MGIT™ 960 was US$ 227.63 and of the PM-LJ was US$ 132.64. The Kit SIRE has a lower ABC when clinical samples are used instead of cultures. Compared to conventional tests, the ABC is similar to the PM-LJ and lower the Bactec™ MGIT™ 960. Conclusion: The Kit SIRE should be used as a screening method in clinical specimens and in culture for laboratories that do not have Bactec™ MGIT™ 960. Therefore, it can be incorporated into the routine of laboratories in countries with low resources and a high burden of TB and drug-resistant TB.

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