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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 380-390

Association of disease severity with toll-like receptor polymorphisms in multidrug-resistant tuberculosis patients

1 Department of Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine; Laboratory of Tuberculosis, Institute of Tropical Disease, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia
2 Department of Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia
3 Department of Human Genetic, Graduate School of Medicine, Tokyo University, Tokyo, Japan
4 Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Yarsi University, Surabaya, Indonesia
5 Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Ciputra, Surabaya, Indonesia
6 Department of Clinical Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia

Correspondence Address:
Soedarsono Soedarsono
Jl. Mayjen Prof. Dr. Moestopo No. 47 Surabaya 60131
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijmy.ijmy_175_20

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Background: The disease severity in pulmonary Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) varies from mild to severe, which is determined by host and pathogen virulence factors. The difference of symptoms felt by TB patients were interesting to investigate in discovering whether its the human immune response or bacteria's virulence gene that plays the role. The aim of this research was to analyze association between disease severity degree of pulmonary MDR-TB patients with Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) found in toll-like receptors (TLRs) gene. Method: Blood samples were obtained from pulmonary MDR-TB patients in Dr. Soetomo Hospital, Surabaya, Indonesia. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) multiplex and target SNPs were analyze using DigiTag2 assay. The variant of esxA gene was determined using PCR and sequencing. Severity degree was determined by chest X-ray, the lesions were scored according to their severity, score of =2.5 ranking as mild, 2.5–6 as moderate and =6 as severe. Association level between SNP in TLRs gene degree of pulmonary MDR-TB was analyzed using Chi-square test. Bonferroni correction for multiple comparison was used to anticipate genotyping error. Results: A total of 22 MDR-TB patients were classified into severe degree group, while 16 patients were moderate/mild degree. SNPs in encoding gene of TLRs were mostly found in intron, specifically in TLR-1, TLR-2, and TLR-6. HWE P value in rs5743572 was 0.841; in rs3804100 was 0.0176; and in rs5743808 was 0.562. Association analysis between SNP in TLRs genes and degree of disease revealed significant association in rs5743572, SNP of TLR-1, with P < 0.05; odds ratio [OR] = 11.67 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 3.94–34.52); rs3804100, SNP of TLR-2 had P < 0.05; OR = 37.59 (95% CI: 9.30–151.88); and rs5743808, the SNP of TLR-6 had P < 0.05; OR = 31.5 (95% CI: 8.60–115.34). Conclusions: We concluded that SNPs in TLR-1, TLR-2, and TLR-6 of pulmonary MDR-TB patients was found to have an association with disease severity. TLRs polymorphism had significant association was present in TLR-1 rs5743572 in intron, TLR-2 rs3804100 in exon, and TLR-6 rs5743808 in exon and among MDR-TB isolates from patients with pulmonary MDR-TB of severe and moderate/mild degree.

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