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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 451-453

Reactive perforating leprosy: A rare case report of type 2 leprosy reaction

Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Faculty of Medicine, Padjadjaran University, Dr Hasan Sadikin Hospital, Bandung, Indonesia

Correspondence Address:
Hendra Gunawan
Jl. Pasteur 38, Bandung, West Java 40161
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijmy.ijmy_169_20

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Reactive perforating leprosy (RPL) is a rare clinical manifestation of type 2 leprosy reaction. A case of lepromatous leprosy (LL) with type 2 leprosy reaction presented as RPL in one patient was reported. A physical examination showed multiple punched-out ulcers with regular border, without undermined edge, and dermal base. The ulcers mostly covered with hemorrhagic crust, contained pus, and necrotic tissue. A histopathological examination revealed invagination of the epidermis, intracorneal abscess, and infiltration of foamy macrophages with lymphocytes in dermis that supported the diagnosis of LL with RPL. The patient was given multidrug therapy-multibacillary and 40 mg prednisone daily which tapered off and wound dressing. Clinical improvement was observed within 2 weeks of treatment, as some ulcers healed. Type 2 leprosy reaction can provide a variety of clinical manifestations, one of which is RPL.

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