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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 26-30

To study the clinico-radiological profile of patients of pulmonary tuberculosis with deep vein thrombosis


1 Department of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases, National Institute of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Radiology, National Institute of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Prabhpreet Sethi
Department of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases, National Institute of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases, Sri Aurobindo Marg, New Delhi - 110 030
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijmy.ijmy_203_20

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Objective: The objective of the study was to study the clinico-radiological profile of patients of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) with deep vein thrombosis (DVT). Method: This is a prospective cross-sectional observational study from September 2017 to March 2019 on diagnosed patients of pulmonary TB who attended the outpatient department or presented with signs and symptoms of DVT. Results: A total of forty patients were included, out of them 57.5% were males. Nearly 45% of the patients belonged to the upper lower class. Nearly 77.5% of cases were undernourished and did not have any comorbid conditions. Sputum smear was reported positive in 92.5% of cases. Bilateral disease was seen in 95% of cases. Far advanced chest X-ray involvement was seen in 72.5% of cases. Newly diagnosed cases of TB were 87.5%. Maximum thrombus formation was seen 97.5% in superficial femoral vein and 92.5% in the common femoral and popliteal vein. Hypoxia was reported in 62.5% of cases. Interval between diagnosis of TB and the development of DVT was 2–3 weeks in a maximum of 35% of cases. Conclusion: The clinical profile of TB with DVT shows a male predominance with upper lower class more prone to develop disease and its complications. Poor physical built is seen in the majority of patients with TB and DVT. New cases of TB are still on rise. Single comorbid condition cannot define the increased risk of DVT in TB. Superficial venous system of lower limb is more prone to develop thrombus. Time interval between TB and development of DVT is variable and cannot be predicted.


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