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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 159-166

Knockdown of the Type-II Fatty acid synthase gene hadC in mycobacterium fortuitum does not affect its growth, biofilm formation, and survival under stress


Department of Biotechnology and Bioinformatics, Jaypee University of Information Technology, Solan, Himachal Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Rahul Shrivastava
Department of Biotechnology and Bioinformatics, Jaypee University of Information Technology, Waknaghat, Solan - 173 234, Himachal Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijmy.ijmy_46_22

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Background: Mycobacterial fatty acid synthase Type-II (FAS-II) components are major virulence factors exploited as potential targets for developing novel antimycobacterial drugs. The FAS-II enzyme 3-hydroxyacyl-ACP dehydratase (HadC) is important for biofilm development and pathogenesis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and other mycobacterial species. Methods: Literature review and homology search led to the identification of Mycobacterium fortuitum MFhadC gene. Functional interaction study of MFHadC protein was done using STRING. M. fortuitum MFhadC over-expressing (HS) and knockdown (HA) strains were constructed and validated by expression analysis using quantitative polymerase chain reaction. The strains were analyzed for growth behavior and surface spreading ability. Biofilm formation was assayed through crystal violet assay, viability count, and basic fuchsin staining. In addition, survival of the strains was studied under in vitro nutrient starvation and detergent stress. Results: STRING analysis showed the interaction of HadC with proteins involved in biofilm formation. The strains HS and HA showed spreading ability on the agarose surface, exhibiting translocation patterns similar to the vector control strain. All three strains showed a similar amount of biofilm formation when analyzed using crystal violet assay, viability count, and basic fuchsin staining. The strains showed no deviation in survival when incubated under nutrient starvation and detergent stress. Conclusion: Our results suggest that MFhadC may not be important for the formation and maintenance of biofilm, a factor critically important in M. fortuitum pathogenicity. However, not essential for survival and growth, MFhadC maintains the viability of M. fortuitum under a nutrient-starved environment. Collectively, MFhadC may not be used as a biofilm-specific marker for M. fortuitum.


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